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Bijar Rugs: The Most Durable Persian Rug of All

Persian rugs have long been valued for their incredible beauty and ability to stand the test of time. However, they can be quite delicate. Bijar rugs are different.

Originating in the Genus and Afsha areas of Iran, these classic rugs are also called “iron carpets” thanks to their incredible durability. What should you know about these fine Persian rugs and is this the right choice for your needs?

One thing that sets these hand-woven rugs apart from other options out there, such as kilim rugs, is that they are made using two wefts. This creates a very stiff, heavy, and durable rug. 

The first weft is thinner and the second is thicker. The second weft is then beaten down between rows of Persian knots. This process creates a compact, dense pile that actually stands up vertically. 

Unlike some types of fine Persian rugs, Bijar-style rugs can use several different foundation types. These include cotton, sheep’s wool, and camel’s wool. Most modern versions use cotton, but an antique rug may use camel’s wool, and you will not find a silk rug in the bunch.

You’ll also find that the designs woven into these one-of-a-kind rugs can vary greatly. There are traditional Mina-Khani and Herati designs, but other patterns are also possible. 

Colors also vary. They’re all created using vegetable dyes, but these rugs can be pink, yellow, beige, ivory, navy, brown, or even cherry red (the red rug is among the most classic designs, of course). 

Finally, Bijar-style Persian rugs come in many shapes and sizes. The traditional rectangle is common, but you can find larger rugs ideal for use as area rugs, as well as hand knotted rug types ideal for use as hallway runners.

These timeless rugs can last for generations when cared for properly and will add incredible beauty to any room in your home.

Cleaning and Care

Fine rugs, like those crafted in the Bijar style, must be cared for correctly. Rugs originating from Bijar should not be folded for transport but rolled to prevent damage to the fibers. You should also avoid using harsh cleansers that might bleach the organic dyes.

Light sweeping or vacuuming should be enough for regular cleaning, and you should have your rug dry-cleaned once per year. Heavy soiling or stains can be cleaned by using a combination of vinegar, baking soda, and water, and blotting the area until it is clean. 

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