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Gabbeh Rugs: Simplicity and Purity of Design

Are you looking for a way to add simple geometric designs and luscious colors to your home? Gabbeh rugs could be just what you want. If you’ve never explored these fine Persian rugs, it’s time to get acquainted!

What Is a Wool Gabbeh Rug?

Gabbeh rugs originated in southwest Persia and were crafted by weavers in the Quashgai tribes. Unlike some of the more ornate Persian rug examples out there, these were relatively basic, limited primarily to geometric patterns and color shading. They lacked the floral patterns and other intricate design work that most people associate with hand oven rugs from Persia.

A Newcomer to the Export Scene

While many Persian area rugs have been exported for centuries, the Gabbeh rug is a relative newcomer. They have been manufactured in Iran since the 1500s, but because of their simple design and lack of intricate patterns, they were not exported for fear that they would be unpopular. 

In the 1980s, Gabbeh rug exports began and they were immediately popular, thanks to the simple, pure design and high quality materials. Today, you can buy a traditional red rug or blue Gabbeh rug from reputable retailers around the world.

What Are They Made From?

Authentic Gabbeh rugs are made from high-quality, natural materials. Handspun yarn made from locally sourced wool is the primary material. This is usually wrapped around a cotton base. 

Synthetic materials are never used. This includes synthetic colors – only organic dyes (vegetable dyes) are used.

One way to tell an authentic antique rug from a mass-produced replica is to look at the back. On a genuine hand knotted rug, you will see irregular Persian knots. On a mass-produced carpet, you’ll see a plastic backing. 

What About Colors and Patterns?

Gabbeh runners and area rugs feature deep, rich colors. Red is very popular, but you’ll also find deep blues, rich creams, and luscious browns and greens. Each rug will also feature geometric patterns or abstract designs like human figures or trees. 

Where Can I Use My Rug?

Their simplicity of design and rich coloring make vintage rugs ideal for use in almost any room of the home. They’re well-suited for bedrooms but can also make a dramatic statement in the living room or family room. 

If you’re shopping for fine Persian rugs, consider adding a Gabbeh rug to your home. Regardless of your home’s style or design, there’s an option that will complement your space.

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